The simple past is a tense which reflects actions which happened at a specific point in time and which both started and ended before now.
Regular verbs are much simpler when spelling because they all end in -ed.
Ex: Walk –> Walked
Work –> Worked
Irregular verbs do not follow any rules, therefore it is advisable to memorize the most commonly used ones as a way to learn them effectively.
Ex: Eat –> Ate
Drive –> Drove
Commonly used irregular verbs
|BASE FORM OF VERB||PAST SIMPLE|
|be (is, am,are)||was, were|
Pronunciation of regular verbs in past
In the simple past, there are 2 types of verbs, regular and irregular. The –ed ending refers to those verbs which are in past and are regular.
The possible sounds for this syllables are /t/,/d/ or /id/.
What dictates which sound should be used will depend on the sound before the –ed particle.
- The /t/ sound
Final – ed is pronounced /t/ after all voiceless sounds. Voiceless sounds are made by pushing air through your mouth; no sound comes from your throat. Such as these sounds: /k/,/f/,/s/,/sh/,/ch/. It’s important to keep in mind that the sounds do not always correspond to the graphical description, i.e. Laughed, gh sounds like /f/.
- The /d/ sound If the last letter of the words ends in a voiced consonant (or sound) and vowel sounds, then the ED is pronounced like a D (without creating another syllable). Such as these sounds: /l/,/r/,/n/,/g/,/v/,/z/,/b/,/m/. It’s important to keep in mind that the sounds do not always correspond to the graphical description, i.e. used where “s “sounds like “z”.
- The /id/ sound
If the last letter of the word is spelled with D or T, the ED is pronounced as a separate syllable with an /id/ sound (it rhymes with kid and lid). These are the sounds: /t/ and /d/.
Dished Laughed Stopped
Cared Loved Enjoyed
Wanted Parted Needed
Feel free to share this article with friends and colleagues, if you have any questions, simply leave us a comment and we will get right back to you!