Useful vocabulary to discuss graphs!


One of the most important parts of any business presentation is charts. Charts and graphs describe the way the business is doing and summarise any research made by you and your team. We have decided to compile a list of words used to describe charts in order to help you be as accurate as possible!


Most common types of graphs

Line Graph

Pie Chart

Bar Chart


Verbs you can use to describe trends

Upwards trend (rising line) Downwards trend (falling line) No change Frequent change The highest point The lowest point



Go up




Shoot up



Recover, stage a recovery







Go down




Remain constant

Remain stable

Stay at the same level


Level out


Fluctuate Peaks

Reaches its highest point

Reaches a peak

Bottoms out

Reaches a low

Hits a low

Reaches its lowest point

Hits its lowest point


Some examples:

  • Amazon’s quarterly profits soar past $2bn for the first time.
  • Car sales in Europe surged in H2 on strong SUV demand.
  • The profits leveled out and then plummeted to a net loss the following year.
  • Analysts believe that the stock market has finally bottomed out.


Adverbs and intensifiers you can use when describing a trend

  • slightly
  • a little
  • a lot
  • sharply
  • suddenly
  • steeply
  • gradually
  • gently
  • steadily


Some examples:


  • If a business is barely generating enough revenue to cover its expenses and those expenses rise suddenly/sharply, the business is in a great deal of trouble.


  • German steel inventories are expected to decrease slightly / a little in the next quarter.


  • Food prices around the world have been rising gradually/steadily since late 2014.



Did you know…


… that the word “figure” can mean both “a chart or diagram” and “a number”?


  • Figure 2 on the next page shows our sales figures for this year.


Go figure!

Zamów rozmowę dla firm

Chcesz rozwinąć swoją firmę?
Zainwestuj w umiejętności językowe
swoich Pracowników.

Uzupełnij formularz,
a nasz Doradca skontaktuje się z Tobą
i opowie, jak możemy Ci pomóc.

    Zapisz się na newsletter i odbierz rabat 10% na dowolny kurs na platformie!

    W każdym newsletter bezpłatne materiały do nauki, lekcje video i nowości w naszej ofercie.