Agile English Blog by Eklektika

Agile English Blog by Eklektika

Grammar bytes 1.0 – Simple Past part 1

25/07/2018
author: Eklektika
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Grammar bytes 1.0 – Simple Past part 1

The simple past is a tense which reflects actions which happened at a specific point in time and which both started and ended before now.

Spelling

Regular verbs are much simpler when spelling because they all end in -ed.

Ex: Walk –> Walked

Work –> Worked

Irregular verbs do not follow any rules, therefore it is advisable to memorize the most commonly used ones as a way to learn them effectively.

Ex:  Eat –> Ate

Drive –> Drove

Commonly used irregular verbs

BASE FORM OF VERB PAST SIMPLE
be (is, am,are) was, were
become became
begin began
break broke
bring brought
build built
buy bought
catch caught
choose chose
come came
cost cost
cut cut
do did
drive drove
drink drank
eat ate
fall fell
feel felt
fight fought
find found
fly flew
forget forgot
freeze froze
get got
give gave
go went
grow grew
have had
hear heard
hide hid
hit hit
hold held
know knew
lay laid
lead led
leave left
lend lent
let let
lie lay
lose lost
make made
mean meant
meet met
pay paid
put put
read read
ride rode
run ran
say said
see saw
sell sold
send sent
show showed
shut shut
sing sang
sit sat
sleep slept
speak spoke
spend spent
stand stood
take took
teach taught
tell told
think thought
wake woke
wear wore
win won
write wrote

Pronunciation of regular verbs in past

In the simple past, there are 2 types of verbs, regular and irregular. The –ed ending refers to those verbs which are in past and are regular.

The possible sounds for this syllables are /t/,/d/ or /id/.

What dictates which sound should be used will depend on the sound before the –ed particle.

 

 

  • The /t/ sound 

Final – ed is pronounced /t/ after all voiceless sounds. Voiceless sounds are made by pushing air through your mouth; no sound comes from your throat. Such as these sounds: /k/,/f/,/s/,/sh/,/ch/. It’s important to keep in mind that the sounds do not always correspond to the graphical description, i.e. Laughed, gh sounds like /f/.

  • The /d/ sound If the last letter of the words ends in a voiced consonant (or sound) and vowel sounds, then the ED is pronounced like a D (without creating another syllable). Such as these sounds: /l/,/r/,/n/,/g/,/v/,/z/,/b/,/m/. It’s important to keep in mind that the sounds do not always correspond to the graphical description, i.e. used where „s „sounds like „z”.

 

  • The /id/ sound

 

If the last letter of the word is spelled with D or T, the ED is pronounced as a separate syllable with an /id/ sound (it rhymes with kid and lid). These are the sounds: /t/ and /d/.

/t/
/d/
/id/
Dished

Laughed

Stopped
Cared

Loved

Enjoyed
Wanted

Parted

Needed

 

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